shall */*/*/


shall */*/*/
weak [ʃəl] , strong [ʃæl]
modal verb summary:Shall is usually followed by an infinitive without ‘to': I shall explain everything later. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: I have never visited America and probably never shall. ■ Shall has no participles and no infinitive form. It does not change its form, so the third person singular form does not end in ‘-s': The President shall appoint all ambassadors with the consent of the Senate. ■ Questions and negatives are formed without ‘do': Shall I come with you? ■ The negative form shall not can be shortened in conversation or informal writing to shan't.
1) British
used after ‘I' or ‘we' for saying what you intend to do in the future
I shall be busy all day tomorrow.[/ex]
If he gets violent, I shall phone the police.[/ex]
We shan't be able to stay with you very long.[/ex]
By nightfall we shall have achieved our objectives.[/ex]
In forming the future tense shall is only used with the subject ‘I' or ‘we'. Will or its short form 'll is much more common with all subjects. Both verbs are used to express intentions, but will also expresses willingness: I'll come with you if you like.
2) used for offering help, suggesting something, or asking someone what to do
Shall we have some lunch?[/ex]
Shall I open the champagne?[/ex]
Where shall we meet?[/ex]
3) legal
used in instructions and legal documents for saying that something must be done
The Court shall have authority to demand the presence of witnesses.[/ex]

Dictionary for writing and speaking English. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shall — Shall, v. i. & auxiliary. [imp. {Should}.] [OE. shal, schal, imp. sholde, scholde, AS. scal, sceal, I am obliged, imp. scolde, sceolde, inf. sculan; akin to OS. skulan, pres. skal, imp. skolda, D. zullen, pres. zal, imp. zoude, zou, OHG. solan,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shall — [ ʃəl, strong ʃæl ] modal verb *** Shall is usually followed by an infinitive without to : I shall explain everything later. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: I have never visited Africa and probably never shall. Shall does not …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shall — verb as required will, by compulsion will, by imperative will, mandatorily will, obligatorily will associated concepts: shall be lawful, shall be legal, shall become, shall give, shall have, shall not, shall perform, shall work Burton s Legal… …   Law dictionary

  • shall — W1S3 [ʃəl strong ʃæl] modal v negative short form shan t [: Old English; Origin: sceal] 1.) shall I/we...? spoken used to make a suggestion, or ask a question that you want the other person to decide about ▪ Shall I open the window? ▪ Shall we… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shall — [shal] v.aux. pt.should [ME schal, pl. schullen < OE sceal, inf. sceolan, akin to Ger sollen < IE base * (s)kel , to be indebted > Lith skeliù, to owe] 1. used in the first person to indicate simple future time [I shall probably go… …   English World dictionary

  • shall — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. present shall) 1) (in the first person) expressing the future tense. 2) expressing a strong assertion or intention. 3) expressing an instruction or command. 4) used in questions indicating offers or suggestions. USAGE… …   English terms dictionary

  • shall — (v.) O.E. sceal I owe/he owes, will have to, ought to, must (infinitive sculan, pt. sceolde), a common Germanic preterite present verb, from P.Gmc. *skal , *skul (Cf. O.S. sculan, O.N., Swed. skola, M.Du. sullen, O.H.G. solan, Ger. sollen, Goth.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • shall — [[t]ʃəl, STRONG ʃæl[/t]] ♦♦ (Shall is a modal verb. It is used with the base form of a verb.) 1) MODAL You use shall with I and we in questions in order to make offers or suggestions, or to ask for advice. Shall I get the keys?... I bought some… …   English dictionary

  • shall */*/*/ — strong UK [ʃæl] / US weak UK [ʃəl] / US modal verb Summary: Shall is usually followed by an infinitive without to : I shall explain everything later. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: I have never visited America and probably… …   English dictionary

  • shall — /shal/; unstressed /sheuhl/, auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st pers. shall, 2nd shall or (Archaic) shalt, 3rd shall, pres. pl. shall; past sing. 1st pers. should, 2nd …   Universalium


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